电影海王中的亚特兰蒂斯,是否真的存在?

中国江西网 2019-02-05

点击上方蓝色字体,关注我们


海王 AQUAMAN

12月7日上映的海王,相信很多人都已经看过来了,豆瓣评分8.0,评分很高,但是观众对影片褒贬不一。电影讲述的是海族亚特兰蒂斯女王与普通守塔人相爱,并诞下半人半神的儿子亚瑟之后发生的故事。(文章有剧透)

—— 英语共和国


话说小编还是蛮喜欢这部电影的~ 海底世界看着很爽啊~

(图片源于:网络截图)

well

这不是重点

小编今天要说的不是影评,也不是讲述影片内容

而是这个电影里关于亚特兰蒂斯的“知识点”

感兴趣的小伙伴可以继续看下去

Atlantis is probably a mere legend, but medieval European writers who received the tale from Arab geographers believed it to be true, and later writers tried to identify it with an actual country. After the Renaissance, for example, attempts were made to identify Atlantis with America, Scandinavia, and the Canary Islands. The story of Atlantis, if Plato did not invent it, may in fact reflect ancient Egyptian records of a volcanic eruption on the island of Thera about 1500 BCE. This eruption, one of the most stupendous of historical times, was accompanied by a series of earthquakes and tsunamis that shattered civilization on Crete, thereby perhaps giving rise to the legend of Atlantis.



亚特兰蒂斯 Atlantis


A 1669 map by Athanasius Kircher put Atlantis in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean. The map is oriented with south at the top.


柏拉图在两千年前述说的这个岛屿,令人向往,但无人能提出确凿的证据证明。因为亚特兰蒂斯消失在一场火山爆发引发的大地震及洪水之后,顷刻之间沉入海底。据柏拉图的记述,由于亚特兰蒂斯文明程度极高,国势富强,逐渐腐化,遂发动征服世界的战争,但被强悍的雅典士兵打败。这种背弃上帝的行为,导致天神震怒,唤起大自然的力量,消灭了罪恶之岛。



Atlantis, also spelled Atalantis or Atlantica, a legendary island in the Atlantic Ocean, lying west of the Strait of Gibraltar. The principal sources for the legend are two of Plato’s dialogues, Timaeus and Critias. In the former, Plato describes how Egyptian priests, in conversation with the Athenian lawgiver Solon, described Atlantis as an island larger than Asia Minor and Libya combined, and situated just beyond the Pillars of Hercules (the Strait of Gibraltar). About 9,000 years before the birth of Solon, the priests said, Atlantis was a rich island whose powerful princes conquered many of the lands of the Mediterranean until they were finally defeated by the Athenians and the latter’s allies. The Atlantians eventually became wicked and impious, and their island was swallowed up by the sea as a result of earthquakes. In the Critias, Plato supplied a history of the ideal commonwealth of the Atlantians.


(图片源于:网络截图)

关于亚特兰蒂斯最早的描述出现于古希腊哲学家柏拉图的著作《对话录》里,传说亚特兰蒂斯是一个大西洋中部的岛国,最后突然沉入海底。有人说亚特兰蒂斯的位置是在希腊位置外五公里左右的海洋区域,也有传说是在撒哈拉大沙漠中心位置,还有传说因为于地壳运动,现在的位置应该是在南极。


(图片源于:网络截图)


In his 1882 book, “Atlantis, the Antediluvian World,” the writer Ignatius Donnelly argued the accomplishments of the ancient world (such as metallurgy, language and agriculture) must have been handed down by an earlier advanced civilization, as the ancients weren’t sophisticated enough to develop these advances on their own. Assuming the Atlantic Ocean was only a few hundred feet deep, Donnelly described a continent flooded by shifting ocean waters that sank in the exact location Plato said it did: in the Atlantic Ocean just outside the “Pillars of Hercules,” the two rocks that mark the entrance to the Straits of Gibraltar. Long after modern oceanography and a greater understanding of plate tectonics poked holes in his shifting-waters thesis, some continue to cling to Donnelly’s theory, mostly due to its adherence to Plato’s placement of Atlantis in the mid-Atlanticv

很大一部分人相信亚特兰斯蒂现在是位于海底的某一处。亚特兰蒂斯的建筑成同心圆状,互相用舰只分隔开。随着越来越深入,身份限制也越严格。亚特兰蒂斯文明十分发达,社会已经有了明确的阶级划分;人口大约有1200万;农业的分工细致,适宜的气候可以每年收获两次;有了系统的文字;已经开始使用贵金属和合金;远洋贸易繁荣至极。


(图片源于:网络截图)


In the late 1960s Professor Spyridon Marinatos discovered the remains of a Bronze Age city near Akrotiri, on the island of Thera (Santorini). The city's streets, buildings, pottery, and colorful wall paintings prove that it was a wealthy society much like the Minoan civilization of nearby Crete. But around 1500 B.C.E., a devastating volcanic eruption—far greater than the one that covered Pompeii—buried the city under 15 feet of ash.


Was Thera the land of Atlantis? Some believe that Plato was indeed describing Thera, but that he was wrong about its location and the date of its destruction—or that translations of his writings have been misunderstood. If Plato did not completely make up the story of Atlantis, it probably has its origins in ancient Egyptian records that told of the events at Thera.


(图片源于:网络截图)


在玛雅的传说中曾经提到亚特兰蒂斯文明来自于银河系中的猎户座,他们有光与火的能力,在随后的历史中亚特兰蒂斯文明与利莫里亚文明发生过战争,甚至使用了核武器,关于史前核战争的记载在印度的古籍《摩诃婆罗多》中也有过清晰的描述,但是关于亚特兰蒂斯大陆的消失之谜,还存有另一种说法,那就是南极大陆。


Another theory–that Atlantis was actually a much more temperate version of what is now Antarctica–is based on the work of Charles Hapgood, whose 1958 book “Earth’s Shifting Crust” featured a foreword by Albert Einstein. According to Hapgood, around 12,000 years ago the Earth’s crust shifted, displacing the continent that became Antarctica from a location much further north than it is today. This more temperate continent was home to an advanced civilization, but the sudden shift to its current frigid location doomed the civilization’s inhabitants–the Atlanteans–and their magnificent city was buried under layers of ice. Hapgood’s theory surfaced before the scientific world gained a full understanding of plate tectonics, which largely relegated his “shifting crust” idea to the fringes of Atlantean beliefs.


This theory presumes Atlantis itself was fictional, but the story of its demise was inspired by an actual historical event: the breaching of the Bosporus by the Mediterranean Sea and subsequent flooding of the Black Sea, around 5600 B.C. At the time, the Black Sea was a freshwater lake half its current size. The flooding inundated civilizations known to flourish along its shore with hundreds of feet of sea water in a short period of time (perhaps less than a year). As inhabitants of the region scattered, they spread tales of the deluge, and may have led–thousands of years later–to Plato’s account of Atlantis.

虽然关于亚特兰蒂斯有很多的说法,但至今也没有什么直接证据,证明他存在或者不存在。这一直是史前文明未解之谜之一。

或许未来的某一天,真的能够看到这个传说变成现实的模样。




Reference

https://www.history.com/news/top-6-theories-about-atlantis

https://www.ancient-origins.net/opinion-guest-authors/legend-atlantis-between-ancient-ruins-and-philosopher-s-tale-006319

https://www.infoplease.com/atlantis